overweight and obesity

Obesity is a complex disease that occurs when an individual’s weight is higher than what is considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity affects children as well as adults. Many factors can contribute to excess weight gain including eating patterns, physical activity levels, and sleep routines. Weight above what’s considered healthy is often measured using body mass index (BMI).

What Are Overweight and Obesity?

Overweight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher. Obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher. See the BMI calculator for people 20 years and older and the BMI calculator for people ages 2 through 19.

Why is overweight and obesity a problem?

Excess weight, especially obesity, diminishes almost every aspect of health, from reproductive and respiratory function to memory and mood. Obesity increases the risk of several debilitating, and deadly diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and some cancers.

Is Obesity the Same As Fat?

The terms “overweight” and “obesity” refer to body weight that is greater than what is considered normal or healthy for a certain height. Being overweight is generally due to extra body fat. However, being overweight may also be due to extra muscle, bone, or water. People who have obese usually have too much body fat.

What Is Called Obesity?

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a health risk. A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese.

Who Is at Risk for Obesity?

People ages 60 and older are more likely to be obese than younger adults, according to the most recent data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. And the problem also affects children. Approximately 20%, of U.S. children and adolescents ages 2 to 19 are obese.

What Disease Causes Obesity?

  • Heart disease and strokes.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Certain cancers.
  • Digestive problems.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Severe COVID-19 symptoms.

Which Foods Cause Obesity?

  • Soda is high in calories and added sugar, yet it lacks important nutrients like vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants
  • Sugar-sweetened coffee.
  • Ice cream.
  • Pizza.
  • Cookies and doughnuts.
  • French fries and potato chips.
  • Sugary breakfast cereals.
  • Chocolate.

How Do We Prevent Obesity?

Choosing healthier foods (whole grains, fruits and vegetables, healthy fats and protein sources) and beverages. Limiting unhealthy foods (refined grains and sweets, potatoes, red meat, processed meat) and beverages (sugary drinks) Increasing physical activity. Limiting television time, screen time, and other “sit time”

What Are the Solutions to Obesity?

Common treatments for overweight and obesity include losing weight through healthy eating, being more physically active, and making other changes to your habits. Weight-management programs may help some people lose weight or keep from regaining lost weight.

How Can Obesity Be Treated?

The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and exercise regularly. To do this you should: eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended by your GP or weight loss management health professional (such as a dietitian) and join a local weight loss group.

What Is an Example of Overweight?

A truck that weighs more than the limit permitted is an example of something that would be described as overweight. A person who weighs so much that his doctor considers it a health risk is an example of someone who is overweight. Greater weight or importance; preponderance.

What Is the Difference Between Obesity and Overweight in Children?

The differentiation between obesity and overweight is made using the body mass index (BMI). A child with a BMI above the 95th percentile for gender, age, and height is considered obese, and a child with a BMI between the 85th and the 95th percentiles for gender, age, and height is considered overweight.

Featured Photo by Towfiqu barbhuiya on Unsplash

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